Forests and SDG 13: Climate action

Sustainable Development goals

The Sustainable Development Goals are the blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all. They address the global challenges we face, including those related to poverty, inequality, climate change, environmental degradation, peace and justice. The 17 Goals are all interconnected, and in order to leave no one behind, it is important that we achieve them all by 2030. 

Forests matter

Forests as regulators and stabilisers for the climate are most relevant. Forest are CO2 binders and for this reason, they play a key role in the carbon cycle. With their ecosystems, they regulate and protect biodiversity. It is estimated that deforestation and forest degradation cause 10 to 15% of global CO2 emissions, according The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Rebuilding and restoring forests highly matter from the perspective of this sustainable development goal.

UN Environment Programme: “Climate change is increasing the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events such as heatwaves, droughts, floods and tropical cyclones, aggravating water management problems, reducing agricultural production and food security, increasing health risks, damaging critical infrastructure and interrupting the provision of basic services such water and sanitation, education, energy and transport.”


Climate action.

Targets (related to the environment, 2030)

  • 13.1: Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries.
  • 13.2: Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning.
  • 13.3: Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning.
  • 13.a: Implement the commitment undertaken by developed-country parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to a goal of mobilizing jointly $100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible.
  • 13.b: Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries and small island developing States, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities.